United Nation Security Council

-The Reform of United Nations Security Council

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    In 2022, the United Nations Security Council faced the biggest challenge in recent years: the Russo-Ukrainian War. Once again, unsurprisingly, a permanent member of the Security Council and the involved country, the Russian Federation, vetoed the resolution requiring a ceasefire. The Security Council was unable to stop the outbreak of war.

    Since 1945, the Security Council, as the highest authority for maintaining world peace, has not changed its structure since non-permanent members' seats were added in 1966. Its role never changed, however, its authority is declining.

    With the outbreak of the Russo-Ukrainian war, the sounds questioning the inability of the Security Council and the United Nations appeared. As the only council that owns the power to stop warfare, the Security Council is busy dealing with its internal problem: veto power.

    Former Secretary-General Kofi Annan has proposed related proposals for the reform, including seats of members, and veto power. The veto power was authorized by the Charter for giving the responsibility to maintain world peace. However, the responsibility vanished. Permanent members vetoed resolutions according to their or allies’ benefits. 

    In addition to the veto power, the rising population of African and Asian countries makes the regional representatives unbalanced. Among permanent members, four of them are western countries; the only non-western country is China. Look over the Council, the Asian countries have the most population but only three seats; western Europe and others have five. The obvious unbalance shows the outdated seats couldn’t represent the world as before. 

    Now, the Secretary-General decided to submit the reform case during the hardest time. Requests the Council itself to face the fact that the Council is outdated and unable to intervene in conflicts.

Committee Information

LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

DELEGATES: DOUBLE DELEGATION SUGGESTED

MEMBERS: 40 DELEGATES WHO ARE CURRENTLY STUDYING IN A DOMESTIC

OR FOREIGN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL (YEAR10-12)